Idaho is a state of the United States of America, located in the Midwest region of the nation. Its state capital is the city of Boise. Bordered by the states of Washington and Oregon to the west, Nevada and Utah to the south, Montana and Wyoming to the east, and Canada to the north.
Idaho is located in the northwestern region of the United States. It is roughly rectangular in shape, with a long, narrow expanse called “the Panhandle” narrowing north between Washington to the west and Montana to the east. The Snake River forms much of Idaho’s border with Oregon, its other western neighbor. To the south are Utah and Nevada, and Wyoming is to the southeast. The northern bank of the Panhadle borders the province of British Columbia.
The state is among the top producers of silver , antimony, vanadium , and garnets, and has the nation’s leading sources of phosphates, lead, gold, and zinc. Agriculture contributes about 10% of the annual gross state product. Idaho is among the top states for potato production and third for sugar beets. Livestock raising, particularly cattle (veal), and the cultivation of hay, wheat and barley are also important. The lumber industry is notable, especially in the north of the state. Most of the production is of noble woods ; Douglas fir, ponderosa [pine] and white pine are the most prominent commercial varieties. Other important industries areprocessed foods , paper mills and chemicals.
Idaho Growth and development
The territorial economy grew steadily during the period between 1870 and 1880. Cattle raising became its main activity. Railroad lines were built and rich new mineral deposits were discovered. Between 1870 and 1880, various groups of Indians, offended by the invasion of their former domains, attacked the colonies of the Idaho Territory. Federal troops suppressed these uprisings, and the Indians were eventually confined to reservations.
In 1890, Idaho became the 43rd state in the Union. Already then it was the main producer of silver and began to develop an important industrylumber business. Federal irrigation projects converted large areas of desert to farmland, causing great agricultural growth during World War I and World War II . In 1951, for the first time in history, a nuclear reactor test base generated electricity from atomic energy (see Nuclear Power). By the mid-1970s, the base had become a major engineering laboratory under the jurisdiction of the United States Department of Energy.
Meanwhile, due to the popularity of mountainous regions such as Sun Valley, Idaho’s tourism industry experienced a boom, which has continued into the 1990s .and has motivated the development of new tourist centers.