Georgia. It is one of the 50 states of the United States of America , located in the Southern Region of the country, north of Florida . It is the largest area east of the Mississippi River since West Virginia separated from Virginia in 1863 .
Most of Georgia is covered by forests , primarily pines , peaches , and magnolias. The territory of the north of the state is mountainous, fundamentally, while its southern zone is flatter and less rugged. The natural aspects of Georgia were and still are very important to the state.
The flagship city, state capital, and economic and cultural center is Atlanta; it is at the center of the state’s largest metropolitan area, Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA Metropolitan Area, also known as Metro Atlanta, with a population of more than 6 million inhabitants (in 2021).
The primary sector accounts for 2% of Georgia’s GDP. The state owns 50,000 farms, covering about 30% of Georgia. Together, agriculture and livestock account for 1.85% of the state’s GDP, and employ approximately 120,000 people. The state has large herds of cattle and sheep. The main agricultural products produced in the state are chickens and their derivatives – eggsand meat, of which Georgia is one of the national leaders in annual production.
Georgia was one of the Confederate states that suffered the most from the war. The great destruction caused by Sherman’s advance in the American Civil War , the heavy casualties suffered by the state—more than any other state in the Confederacy except Virginia—and the economy in pieces caused a great depression, not only economic but also social, in Georgia.
American troops occupied the state until 1870 . In 1868 , Georgia was readmitted to the Union as a US state. However, in 1869, was expelled for refusing to ratify the Fifteenth Amendment to the US Constitution, which gave the right to vote to any male person of legal age – regardless of race.
So, more than half of Georgia’s population was African-American. It was only in 1870 that Georgia ratified this amendment, and readmitted to the Union on July 15 , becoming the last state of the old Confederacy to be admitted.