The state of Connecticut (CT) belongs to the Northeast region, New England division (“New England”), the latter founded during the seventeenth century. Its surface covers 14,359 square kilometers. It ranks as the forty-eighth state in the country by its territorial area.
Within its population, of 3 million 574 thousand inhabitants, 13.8% come from Hispanic or Latino countries. Some indigenous tribes reside in this state, mainly those known as the Mashantucket Pequot and the Mohicans.
Livestock, wheat, dairy products, corn, and hay support its economy. It has developed a strong manufacturing industry for scientific instruments, transportation equipment, and machinery.
In addition, it is dedicated to food processing, chemical production, gold mining (Denver is home to the companies that control half of the gold production in the United States) and tourism.
Animal husbandry, egg and dairy production, livestock and machinery manufacturing, transportation and electrical equipment, metal and chemical products and scientific instruments, constitute the relevant areas where its economy develops.
In the tourism sector, Connecticut has the most unusual museums, including one established in honor of famous women of the region, and interesting historical sites from the 16th to the 19th centuries. Also, the largest gaming facility on earth, the Foxwoods casino recreation, is located in this entity, as well as Yale University, one of the most important seats of learning in the world.
There are 169 incorporated municipalities in Connecticut.Connecticut’s highest peak is Bear Mountain in Salisbury in the extreme northwest of the state. The highest point is east of where Connecticut, Massachusetts, and New York meet (42°3’N, 73°29’W), on the southern slopes of Mount Frissell, whose peak is near Massachusetts.
The Connecticut River runs through the center of the state, flows into Long Island Sound and has nearly a thousand lakes; the vast majority of these lakes were formed through ancient glaciers melting thousands of years ago. Forests cover more than 60% of the state.
The most populous metropolitan region in the state is the Knowledge Corridor, which is located in the Connecticut River Valley. Despite Connecticut’s relatively small size, it has wide regional variations in its landscape, for example, the rolling hills of northwestern Litchfield, which has gentle mountains and horse farms, while southeastern New London County, has beaches and maritime activities.
Connecticut had an estimated population of 3,510,297, in the year 2007 , which is an increase of 11,331, or 0.3%, from the previous year and an increase of 104,695, or 3.1%, since the year 2000 . This includes a natural increase since the last census of 67,427 people (ie, 222,222 births minus 154,795 deaths) and an increase due to net migration of 41,718 people into the state.
Immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 75,991 people, and migration within the country resulted in a net loss of 34,273 people. Based on 2005 estimates , Connecticut ranks as the 29th to 30th most populous state.